Generally, a very small incision is made in the abdomen, either with surgical instruments or with a laser, and the ovaries and uterus are located and removed. Generally three layers of stitches
are used in the procedure and often metal staples are permanently used beneath the surface. Absorbable stitches can be used on the outer layer but most veterinarians opt for stronger stitches which
need to be removed about 2 weeks after the surgery.
In nature monkeys would not cycle month after month and would be bred and pregnant with offspring or nursing that offspring for several months out of each year. Monkeys in captivity who are not
bred often have an enlarged uterus and ovaries as well as many cysts on their ovaries due to frequent cycling.
When prolonged health issues affect female reproductive organs, just as in humans, monkeys can experience severe discomfort as well as be at risk for the same complications as human woman who
experience severe female reproductive issues.